X86 Encoder Decoder
Encoding Instructions

Typedefs

typedef struct xed_decoded_inst_s xed_encoder_request_s
 
typedef xed_decoded_inst_t xed_encoder_request_t
 

Functions

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_iclass_enum_t xed_encoder_request_get_iclass (const xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_init_from_decode (struct xed_decoded_inst_s *d)
 Converts an decoder request to a valid encoder request. More...
 
static XED_INLINE xed_operand_values_txed_encoder_request_operands (xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 
static XED_INLINE const xed_operand_values_txed_encoder_request_operands_const (const xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_iclass (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_iclass_enum_t iclass)
 

Primary Encode Functions

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_effective_operand_width (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_uint_t width_bits)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_effective_address_size (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_uint_t width_bits)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_reg (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_operand_enum_t operand, xed_reg_enum_t reg)
 

Operand Order

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_operand_order (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_uint_t operand_index, xed_operand_enum_t name)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_operand_enum_t xed_encoder_request_get_operand_order (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_uint_t operand_index)
 
static XED_INLINE xed_uint_t xed_encoder_request_operand_order_entries (xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 Retrieve the number of entries in the encoder operand order array. More...
 

branches and far pointers

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_relbr (xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_branch_displacement (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_int32_t brdisp, xed_uint_t nbytes)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_ptr (xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 

Immediates

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_uimm0 (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_uint64_t uimm, xed_uint_t nbytes)
 Set the uimm0 using a BYTE width. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_uimm0_bits (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_uint64_t uimm, xed_uint_t nbits)
 Set the uimm0 using a BIT width. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_uimm1 (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_uint8_t uimm)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_simm (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_int32_t simm, xed_uint_t nbytes)
 same storage as uimm0 More...
 

Memory

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_memory_displacement (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_int64_t memdisp, xed_uint_t nbytes)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_agen (xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_mem0 (xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_mem1 (xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_memory_operand_length (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_uint_t nbytes)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_seg0 (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_reg_enum_t seg_reg)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_seg1 (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_reg_enum_t seg_reg)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_base0 (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_reg_enum_t base_reg)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_base1 (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_reg_enum_t base_reg)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_index (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_reg_enum_t index_reg)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_scale (xed_encoder_request_t *p, xed_uint_t scale)
 

Initialization

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_zero_operand_order (xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_zero_set_mode (xed_encoder_request_t *p, const xed_state_t *dstate)
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_zero (xed_encoder_request_t *p)
 

String Printing

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encode_request_print (const xed_encoder_request_t *p, char *buf, xed_uint_t buflen)
 

Encoding

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_error_enum_t xed_encode (xed_encoder_request_t *r, xed_uint8_t *array, const unsigned int ilen, unsigned int *olen)
 This is the main interface to the encoder. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_error_enum_t xed_encode_nop (xed_uint8_t *array, const unsigned int ilen)
 This function will attempt to encode a NOP of exactly ilen bytes. More...
 

Detailed Description

When you call xed_encode() to encode instruction you must pass:

The class xed_encoder_request_t includes a xed_operand_values_t and that is where most of the information about the operands, resources etc. are stored.

To get nondefault width operands, during encoding, you have to
call #xed_encoder_request_set_effective_operand_width() .


To set nondefault addressing widths, you must call
#xed_encoder_request_set_effective_address_size().



To encode instructions you must set the following 

in the xed_encoder_request_t.

  1. the machine mode (machine width, and stack addressing width)
  2. the effective operand width
  3. the iclass
  4. for some instructions you need to specify prefixes (like REP, REPNE or LOCK).
  5. the operands:
    1. operand kind (XED_OPERAND_{AGEN,MEM0,MEM1,IMM0,IMM1,RELBR,PTR,REG0...REG15}

    2. operand order
      xed_encoder_request_set_operand_order(&req,operand_index, XED_OPERAND_*); where the operand_index is a sequential index starting at zero.

    3. operand details
      1. FOR MEMOPS: base,segment,index,scale,displacement for memops,
      2. FOR REGISTERS: register name
      3. FOR IMMEDIATES: immediate values

See An example of using the encoder for an example of using the encoder.

Typedef Documentation

◆ xed_encoder_request_s

◆ xed_encoder_request_t

Function Documentation

◆ xed_encode()

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_error_enum_t xed_encode ( xed_encoder_request_t r,
xed_uint8_t *  array,
const unsigned int  ilen,
unsigned int *  olen 
)

This is the main interface to the encoder.

The array should be at most 15 bytes long. The ilen parameter should indicate this length. If the array is too short, the encoder may fail to encode the request. Failure is indicated by a return value of type xed_error_enum_t that is not equal to XED_ERROR_NONE. Otherwise, XED_ERROR_NONE is returned and the length of the encoded instruction is returned in olen.

Parameters
rencoder request description (xed_encoder_request_t), includes mode info
arraythe encoded instruction bytes are stored here
ilenthe input length of array.
olenthe actual length of array used for encoding
Returns
success/failure as a xed_error_enum_t

◆ xed_encode_nop()

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_error_enum_t xed_encode_nop ( xed_uint8_t *  array,
const unsigned int  ilen 
)

This function will attempt to encode a NOP of exactly ilen bytes.

If such a NOP is not encodeable, then false will be returned.

Parameters
arraythe encoded instruction bytes are stored here
ilenthe input length array.
Returns
success/failure as a xed_error_enum_t

◆ xed_encode_request_print()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encode_request_print ( const xed_encoder_request_t p,
char *  buf,
xed_uint_t  buflen 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_get_iclass()

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_iclass_enum_t xed_encoder_request_get_iclass ( const xed_encoder_request_t p)

◆ xed_encoder_request_get_operand_order()

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_operand_enum_t xed_encoder_request_get_operand_order ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_uint_t  operand_index 
)

Retrieve the name of the n'th operand in the operand order.

Parameters
[in]pxed_encoder_request_t
[in]operand_indexxed_uint_t representing n'th operand position
Returns
The xed_operand_enum_t operand name.

◆ xed_encoder_request_init_from_decode()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_init_from_decode ( struct xed_decoded_inst_s d)

Converts an decoder request to a valid encoder request.

◆ xed_encoder_request_operand_order_entries()

static XED_INLINE xed_uint_t xed_encoder_request_operand_order_entries ( xed_encoder_request_t p)
static

Retrieve the number of entries in the encoder operand order array.

Returns
The number of entries in the encoder operand order array

◆ xed_encoder_request_operands()

static XED_INLINE xed_operand_values_t* xed_encoder_request_operands ( xed_encoder_request_t p)
static

◆ xed_encoder_request_operands_const()

static XED_INLINE const xed_operand_values_t* xed_encoder_request_operands_const ( const xed_encoder_request_t p)
static

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_agen()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_agen ( xed_encoder_request_t p)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_base0()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_base0 ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_reg_enum_t  base_reg 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_base1()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_base1 ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_reg_enum_t  base_reg 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_branch_displacement()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_branch_displacement ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_int32_t  brdisp,
xed_uint_t  nbytes 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_effective_address_size()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_effective_address_size ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_uint_t  width_bits 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_effective_operand_width()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_effective_operand_width ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_uint_t  width_bits 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_iclass()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_iclass ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_iclass_enum_t  iclass 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_index()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_index ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_reg_enum_t  index_reg 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_mem0()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_mem0 ( xed_encoder_request_t p)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_mem1()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_mem1 ( xed_encoder_request_t p)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_memory_displacement()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_memory_displacement ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_int64_t  memdisp,
xed_uint_t  nbytes 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_memory_operand_length()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_memory_operand_length ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_uint_t  nbytes 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_operand_order()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_operand_order ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_uint_t  operand_index,
xed_operand_enum_t  name 
)

Specify the name as the n'th operand in the operand order.

The complication of this function is that the register operand names are specific to the position of the operand (REG0, REG1, REG2...). One can use this function for registers or one can use the xed_encoder_request_set_operand_name_reg() which takes integers instead of operand names.

Parameters
[in]pxed_encoder_request_t
[in]operand_indexxed_uint_t representing n'th operand position
[in]namexed_operand_enum_t operand name.

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_ptr()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_ptr ( xed_encoder_request_t p)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_reg()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_reg ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_operand_enum_t  operand,
xed_reg_enum_t  reg 
)

Set the operands array element indexed by operand to the actual register name reg.

Parameters
[in]pxed_encoder_request_t
[in]operandindicates which register operand storage field to use
[in]regthe actual register represented (EAX, etc.) to store.

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_relbr()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_relbr ( xed_encoder_request_t p)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_scale()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_scale ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_uint_t  scale 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_seg0()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_seg0 ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_reg_enum_t  seg_reg 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_seg1()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_seg1 ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_reg_enum_t  seg_reg 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_simm()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_simm ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_int32_t  simm,
xed_uint_t  nbytes 
)

same storage as uimm0

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_uimm0()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_uimm0 ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_uint64_t  uimm,
xed_uint_t  nbytes 
)

Set the uimm0 using a BYTE width.

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_uimm0_bits()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_uimm0_bits ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_uint64_t  uimm,
xed_uint_t  nbits 
)

Set the uimm0 using a BIT width.

◆ xed_encoder_request_set_uimm1()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_set_uimm1 ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
xed_uint8_t  uimm 
)

◆ xed_encoder_request_zero()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_zero ( xed_encoder_request_t p)

◆ xed_encoder_request_zero_operand_order()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_zero_operand_order ( xed_encoder_request_t p)

clear the operand order array

Parameters
[in]pxed_encoder_request_t

◆ xed_encoder_request_zero_set_mode()

XED_DLL_EXPORT void xed_encoder_request_zero_set_mode ( xed_encoder_request_t p,
const xed_state_t dstate 
)