X86 Encoder Decoder
Iforms

Data Structures

struct  xed_iform_info_s
 Statically available information about iforms. More...
 

Typedefs

typedef struct xed_iform_info_s xed_iform_info_t
 Statically available information about iforms. More...
 

Functions

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_uint32_t xed_iform_first_per_iclass (xed_iclass_enum_t iclass)
 Return the first of the iforms for a particular iclass. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT const xed_iform_info_txed_iform_map (xed_iform_enum_t iform)
 Map the xed_iform_enum_t to a pointer to a xed_iform_info_t which indicates the xed_iclass_enum_t, the xed_category_enum_t and the xed_extension_enum_t for the iform. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_uint32_t xed_iform_max_per_iclass (xed_iclass_enum_t iclass)
 Return the maximum number of iforms for a particular iclass. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_category_enum_t xed_iform_to_category (xed_iform_enum_t iform)
 Return the category for a given iform. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_extension_enum_t xed_iform_to_extension (xed_iform_enum_t iform)
 Return the extension for a given iform. More...
 
static XED_INLINE xed_iclass_enum_t xed_iform_to_iclass (xed_iform_enum_t iform)
 Return the iclass for a given iform. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT char const * xed_iform_to_iclass_string_att (xed_iform_enum_t iform)
 Return a pointer to a character string of the iclass. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT char const * xed_iform_to_iclass_string_intel (xed_iform_enum_t iform)
 Return a pointer to a character string of the iclass. More...
 
XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_isa_set_enum_t xed_iform_to_isa_set (xed_iform_enum_t iform)
 Return the isa_set for a given iform. More...
 

Detailed Description

Intel XED classifies instructions as iclasses (ADD, SUB, MUL, etc.) of type xed_iclass_enum_t. To get more information about instructions and their operands, Intel XED creates iforms of type xed_iform_enum_t. The iforms are supposed to aid in creating dispatch tables for instructions. You can often use a flat array indexed by iform. The maximum iform is XED_IFORM_LAST.

The iforms sometimes do not uniquely identify instructions. For example, many instructions in the ISA are "scalable" in that their operand width depends on the machine mode and the prefixes. The memory operation of these scalable opcodes is either 16 bits, 32 bits or 64 bits. The same opcode can represent several instructions if you factor in the machine mode and prefixes. Those instructions often map to a single iform and need to be further refined by the xed_operand_values_get_effective_operand_width function.

The names of the iforms are derived from information about the xed_iclass_enum_t and the names of their explicit operands (the name of nonterminals in the Intel XED internal grammar) and the data types of those operands. Other information is sometimes included to disambiguate similar instructions. For example, there are several opcodes and operands for encoding certain a 1-byte register-register ADD instruction as well as the 1-byte register-immediate ADD, so to differentiate those, Intel XED includes the opcode bytes as suffixes for the iform name:

ADD_GPR8_GPR8_00
ADD_GPR8_GPR8_02
ADD_GPR8_IMMb_80r0
ADD_GPR8_IMMb_82r0

The naming scheme for iforms can get rather complex and continues to evolve over time as the instruction set architecture grows. They mostly use the lower-case letter codes found in the opcode map found in the appendix to the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developers Manual. For example the scalable instructions mentioned above use the "v" code which the manuals describe as representing 16, 32 or 64b operands depending on the effective operand size. The code "z" implies either 16 or 32b operation; When the effective operand size is 64, the operand is still 32b. Other common suffixes one might see are "d" for 32b and "q" for 64b. The codes "ps" and "pd" stand for packed scalar (single precision floating point) and packed double (double precision floating point). The code "dq" is used to describe 128b (16B) quantities typically in memory or an XMM register. Similarly "qq" describes a 256b (32B) quantity in memory or a YMM register. In many cases the codes were sufficient to describe what is needed; in other cases I had to improvise.

All the iclasses and iforms are listed in the misc/idata.txt file in the Intel XED kit.

The iform enumeration xed_iform_enum_t is dense and it has some built-in structure. All the iforms for a particular iclass are sequential. The function xed_iform_max_per_iclass() indicates the number of iforms for a particular iclass.

To get the first iform of a particular iclass you can use xed_iform_first_per_iclass() at runtime. There is also the xed_iformfl_enum_t which indicates for every iclass, the first and last iform in the xed_iform_enum_t.

Given an iform, to get xed_category_enum_t, xed_extension_enum_t, and xed_iclass_enum_t information, you can use xed_iform_map(), or there are accessors listed below to get the iclass, category or extension from that table directly.

Typedef Documentation

◆ xed_iform_info_t

Statically available information about iforms.

Values are returned by xed_iform_map().

Function Documentation

◆ xed_iform_first_per_iclass()

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_uint32_t xed_iform_first_per_iclass ( xed_iclass_enum_t  iclass)

Return the first of the iforms for a particular iclass.

This function returns valid data as soon as global data is initialized. (This function does not require a decoded instruction as input).

◆ xed_iform_map()

XED_DLL_EXPORT const xed_iform_info_t* xed_iform_map ( xed_iform_enum_t  iform)

Map the xed_iform_enum_t to a pointer to a xed_iform_info_t which indicates the xed_iclass_enum_t, the xed_category_enum_t and the xed_extension_enum_t for the iform.

Returns 0 if the iform is not a valid iform.

◆ xed_iform_max_per_iclass()

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_uint32_t xed_iform_max_per_iclass ( xed_iclass_enum_t  iclass)

Return the maximum number of iforms for a particular iclass.

This function returns valid data as soon as global data is initialized. (This function does not require a decoded instruction as input).

◆ xed_iform_to_category()

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_category_enum_t xed_iform_to_category ( xed_iform_enum_t  iform)

Return the category for a given iform.

This function returns valid data as soon as global data is initialized. (This function does not require a decoded instruction as input).

◆ xed_iform_to_extension()

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_extension_enum_t xed_iform_to_extension ( xed_iform_enum_t  iform)

Return the extension for a given iform.

This function returns valid data as soon as global data is initialized. (This function does not require a decoded instruction as input).

◆ xed_iform_to_iclass()

static XED_INLINE xed_iclass_enum_t xed_iform_to_iclass ( xed_iform_enum_t  iform)
static

Return the iclass for a given iform.

This function returns valid data as soon as global data is initialized. (This function does not require a decoded instruction as input).

◆ xed_iform_to_iclass_string_att()

XED_DLL_EXPORT char const* xed_iform_to_iclass_string_att ( xed_iform_enum_t  iform)

Return a pointer to a character string of the iclass.

This translates the internal disambiguated names to the more ambiguous names that people like to see. This returns the ATT SYSV-syntax name.

◆ xed_iform_to_iclass_string_intel()

XED_DLL_EXPORT char const* xed_iform_to_iclass_string_intel ( xed_iform_enum_t  iform)

Return a pointer to a character string of the iclass.

This translates the internal disambiguated names to the more ambiguous names that people like to see. This returns the Intel-syntax name.

◆ xed_iform_to_isa_set()

XED_DLL_EXPORT xed_isa_set_enum_t xed_iform_to_isa_set ( xed_iform_enum_t  iform)

Return the isa_set for a given iform.

This function returns valid data as soon as global data is initialized. (This function does not require a decoded instruction as input).